The 6 Levels of Self-Driving Vehicles

Autonomous vehicle or in layman’s term a self-driving car is an automobile that takes advantage of fully automated driving system.

This allows the car to react to traffic, pedestrians, road objects and other external conditions that otherwise a human would not.

Even though the car can somehow think on its own and run on autopilot, it is yet to be perfected and requires human touch. Meaning to say, you still have to get your to operate one. Otherwise, you are in for getting a violation.

Levels of Autonomous Vehicle

Basically, there are 6 levels of autonomous vehicles. As the level start to increase, so does the independence of the car towards its operation control.

Level 0

In this level, the vehicle has no control on its operation and human drivers perform all the driving.

Level 1

Here, the car’s Advanced Driver Assistance System or ADAS can support the driver either with accelerating or steering and braking.

Level 2

ADAS is now capable of overseeing acceleration and steering as well as braking in some situations. Although, it still requires human touch to complete some operations.

Level 3

The Advanced Driving System (ADS) can now do all functions of driving in other conditions. But human presence is needed to immediately regain control when needed by the ADS. In some conditions, the human driver will be executing necessary tasks.

Level 4

The ADS of the car performs all of the tasks related to driving independently in specific conditions. In this case, human intervention is not necessarily needed.

Level 5

For this level, it consists of full automation whereby the ADS of the car can do all the tasks regardless of the condition and driving assistance from a real person is not required either. This complete automation can be possibly only with the integration of 5G technology. Here, this allows cars to seamlessly communicate not only with each other but also, with signage, traffic lights and even on the road itself.

Among the many elements of car technology that is used in automated vehicles is ACC or the Adaptive Cruise Control. Such system adjusts the speed of the car automatically to keep a safe distance from other vehicles.